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Project VIEW: Visual Impairments Education in Writing

Research Team


Principal Investigator: Michael Hebert

Co-Principal Investigators: Mackenzie Savaiano

Funding Information

Funding Agency: Institute of Education Sciences (IES), Institute of Education Sciences (IES)

Award Date: Jul 1, 2019

End Date: Jun 30, 2023


Project VIEW aims to describe writing practices of teachers of students with visual impairments (TVIs) and the general education teachers (GENs) with whom they work and to identify malleable factors related to those writing practices. Researchers will collect data on malleable factors and writing practices from surveys, interviews and observations in three waves (over three years). 

Malleable factors include: 

  • preparation to teach writing, 
  • preparation to teach students with visual impairments (VI), 
  • collaboration, and 
  • beliefs and expectations. 
The project also aims to identify potential moderators of the relationship between malleable factors and writing practices, including student characteristics, teacher characteristics and educational setting. The results will yield an understanding of how malleable factors and writing practices are associated with student achievement in writing, with the future goals of developing effective professional development interventions at administrative and teacher levels.

Research will take place in schools across Nebraska serving students with visual impairments. All geographic settings will be represented — urban, suburban, rural. Participants will include TVIs and GENs working with students with VI. Five GENs working with each TVI (250 GENs), and the students with VI in their classrooms (250 students with VI). If there is more than one student with VI in a given classroom, then a single student will be randomly sampled. Since there is a finite population of TVIs, our sample is representative of the population.

Primary data collection will occur over the four years of this project, with data analysis and dissemination occurring in stages throughout years 2-4. Many of the constructs will be assessed using multiple indicators and multiple methods (i.e., surveys, interviews and observations).

Academic Intervention & Learning

Using a Braille writing machine, a student writes a paper at the Nebraska Center for the Education of Children who are Blind or Visually Impaired in Nebraska City.
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